Guatemala condemns Russian attack, Bukele questions Biden and Russia-aligned Nicaragua

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Q24N – Central American and Caribbean nations have shown mixed reactions to the military operation Vladimir Putin has unleashed against Ukraine, in a crisis that endangers security in Eastern Europe and global markets at the end.

Ukrainians demonstrate in Rome, Italy, in support of Ukraine after the Russian attack, Thursday, February 24, 2022.

Here is how the region’s political leaders reacted:

Guatemala summons its ambassador to Russia for consultations

In a press release, the Guatemalan Foreign Ministry strongly condemned the unilateral recognition by the Russian Federation of the so-called separatist republics of Ukraine, which it considers an action that violates the principles of international law and the integrity of this country.

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In this sense and on the instructions of President Alejandro Giammattei, the Guatemalan ambassador accredited to the Russian Federation was summoned, said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; and the objective would be to make Russia reconsider to avoid reaching for arms.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala (Minex) stressed that as a country there is a deep vocation for peace and trusts in the will of the parties concerned to seek a peaceful solution and formulates votes so that any dispute can be resolved through diplomatic channels for the benefit of both peoples and peace and stability in this region.

As a member of the United Nations, Guatemala ratifies the importance of the fundamental principles of the Charter of the United Nations and encourages the parties to respect the integrity and the human rights of the populations.

Foreign trade analysts felt that Guatemala must establish a more neutral position or else have established a position as a Central American bloc.

According to Minex data, 10 Guatemalans reside in Ukraine, but none have requested assistance to leave the country.

El Salvador: Bukele questioned Biden

In El Salvador, neither the Foreign Ministry nor President Nayib Bukele had presented their official position on the Russian military operation after the first 24 hours of the offensive.

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Last Sunday, President Nayib Bukele criticized on his Twitter US intelligence reports that predicted an attack on the Ukrainian nation. “The Biden administration is losing whatever credibility it has left,” he said.

Costa Rica condemns

Costa Rica condemned the offensive deployed by the Russian Federation against Ukraine, as it contravenes “the letter and the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations, to which both countries are parties, as well as General Assembly resolutions and multilateral agreements”. .

Read more: Costa Rica condemns Russian offensive against Ukraine

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs reiterated that peace must be the path and the highest aspiration of rulers for their peoples. “(Costa Rica) calls for the resumption of dialogue and negotiations, and recalls that at this point the lives of thousands of people are in danger: girls, boys, women and men,” he said.

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In addition, he recalled that the world is going through a context of exceptional circumstances of economic recovery, after suffering from the Covid-19 pandemic. “It is inconceivable that countries are also affected by the consequences of this conflict. Hostilities must cease immediately and the protection of civilians on the ground must be ensured.

Costa Rica, a democratic country without an army, renewed its support for the Secretary-General and the United Nations in their calls for the persistence of peace through dialogue and negotiation.

Panama asks to respect Ukrainian territory

The Panamanian government, through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Panama (MIRE), asked to respect “the sovereignty, political independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine on the basis of international law”.

The nation expressed its vocation “pacifist, multilateralist and favorable to dialogue” and “deeply” regretted the recent events in Ukraine. “Panama, as a country that advocates dialogue and international law, urges a return to the paths of negotiation and diplomacy that renew hope for peace, security and stability.”

In this context, he supported the declaration of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, so that “all efforts are directed to avoid the loss of human lives and to decisively support the mitigation of the progressive deterioration of the situation by the immediate cessation of the use of force and violence.

Honduras rejects use of force

The government of Xiomara Castro condemned this Thursday the use of force and military actions in Ukraine, through a press release published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

“The Secretariat has expressed its deep concern and categorical rejection of the use of force that provokes an international armed escalation generated by the situation in Ukraine.

“Honduras ratifies its call for a political solution to the conflict in Ukraine and supports the initiatives, measures or commitments that may arise from the dialogue at the United Nations in search of peace,” said Xiomara Castro in his statement.

Nicaragua aligned with Russia

On Thursday morning, Vyacheslav Volodin, speaker of the State Duma (lower house of parliament) of Russia, landed in Nicaragua, leading a high-level delegation. Volodin arrived in the Central American country from Cuba.

The President of the National Assembly of Nicaragua, Gustavo Porras, received Volodin. Also present in the welcome delegation were the members of the Nicaraguan Friendship Group with the Russian Federation and the directors of the Committees for Economy, Foreign Affairs and Tourism.

Volodin confirmed his support for Putin’s action. “Members of the State Duma support the decision of our President Vladimir V. Putin to conduct a special military peacekeeping operation. Its purpose is to protect the people who live in Ukraine,” he stressed during the first hours of the event.

Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega has expressed alignment with Russia in the conflict.

Read more: Nicaragua’s Daniel Ortega defends Russia’s position on Ukraine

“They are using Ukraine to provoke Russia and Ukraine is trying to get into NATO. If he enters NATO, it is to tell him: we are going to make war on Russia. And that explains why Russia acts the way it does, it just defends itself,” Daniel Ortega said at a public event on Monday, referring to Russia’s recognition of Ukraine’s breakaway regions.

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