In countries covered by the Panama Cluster Office (MCO), people forced to flee in search of safety, better opportunities and family reunification continue to be at risk of detention, deportation, trafficking and violence sexist (GBV). In Panama, despite adverse weather conditions and heavy rains affecting the region, the mixed movement of people across the Darien Gap shows no signs of stopping. According to the National Migration Service, in June more than 1,000 people a day crossed the perilous jungle between Colombia and Panama. From January to May 2022, nearly 33,000 people, mostly Venezuelans, were registered by the Panamanian Department of Migration, a 100% increase compared to the same period in 2021.
In support of local authorities and within the framework of the Human Mobility Group, UNHCR and its partners continue to provide protection and assistance to people arriving at the San Vicente transit centre. The rainy season also causes severe disruption throughout the Caribbean region. The heavy rains that affected western and central Cuba caused flooding and considerable damage to homes and agriculture. In Suriname, due to recent flooding, the government has requested international assistance.
In Aruba and Curaçao, several security measures have been introduced, including a curfew, school closures and permission to leave work early in expectation of a cyclone. The storm was less intense than expected and caused no serious damage to the islands. In Belize, the Cabinet of Government has decided that the Веlizean Nаtіоnаlусt, Chapter 161 will be amended by new legislation to implement Amnesty from the start. It is what one can bury the results, and it is possible that it is to be applying to what you apply the result.
The human rights situation in Nicaragua remains worrying. In June, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, presented a report to the UN Human Rights Council on the deteriorating human rights situation in the country. . The OHCHR High Commissioner also highlighted the unprecedented number of people fleeing the country. The number of refugees and asylum seekers from Nicaragua doubled to 180,000 in Costa Rica alone. In Trinidad and Tobago, the Central Bank reported increases in inflation in several areas, including food, over the past month. In its latest monetary announcement, it said food inflation rose to 8.7% from 7.9% a month earlier. Higher prices were recorded for essential products, including rice, margarine, edible oils and meat. The food insecurity risks highlighted earlier this year are therefore likely to become even more severe for refugees and asylum seekers in T&Ts, who do not have access to national social protection mechanisms and limited access to livelihoods/work permits.